Plant Breeding and Biotechnology

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Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Means of the studied traits of wheat genotypes under favorable (E1) and drought stress (E2) environments (Env.).

Genotype Env. Traits
STF RWC FLA FLW FLD Chl.a Chl.b GYP TKW
Durum wheat G1 E1 67.45 76.95 21.84 1.31 52.88 34.56 31.20 72.16 53.57
E2 54.55 73.36 13.04 0.96 46.07 27.93 24.54 58.78 46.52
G2 E1 69.16 81.45 21.62 1.39 46.22 36.84 22.65 84.04 55.70
E2 55.76 77.27 13.35 0.88 44.56 28.41 16.50 68.69 50.10
G3 E1 72.50 90.25 17.69 1.13 51.81 48.52 30.20 75.40 52.57
E2 52.95 82.98 14.67 0.90 45.29 38.32 24.37 64.49 45.13
G4 E1 74.78 83.38 18.27 1.46 51.47 41.92 22.95 74.50 51.83
E2 63.98 72.44 15.44 1.02 47.14 31.92 16.30 60.51 42.33
G5 E1 72.21 88.51 21.91 1.51 50.40 37.82 22.64 84.35 56.20
E2 57.56 79.63 14.36 0.92 45.21 31.64 20.42 65.23 51.97
G6 E1 84.14 90.56 20.43 1.53 44.36 36.11 34.96 78.06 60.47
E2 60.59 79.87 15.13 1.12 48.38 28.75 31.32 68.79 57.93
Mean E1 73.37 85.18 20.29 1.39 49.52 39.30 27.43 78.09 55.06
E2 57.56 77.59 14.33 0.97 46.11 31.16 22.24 64.42 49.00
Bread wheat G7 E1 53.89 87.07 31.59 2.92 50.30 41.52 52.96 101.06 55.43
E2 50.75 81.67 20.14 1.71 47.14 33.18 45.98 82.40 52.40
G8 E1 63.54 77.81 28.10 1.30 63.27 33.62 39.5 82.42 47.60
E2 58.57 74.24 15.35 0.84 48.99 28.08 23.63 67.90 39.63
G9 E1 60.07 91.33 21.71 1.46 63.53 40.65 32.45 95.96 54.87
E2 45.50 84.21 20.28 1.47 54.52 27.41 21.39 76.08 46.90
G10 E1 57.82 88.32 27.53 2.12 55.54 44.12 35.12 81.44 57.27
E2 52.74 78.41 18.07 1.54 50.72 39.16 22.96 66.29 49.20
G11 E1 54.69 90.22 36.00 2.35 58.16 44.63 65.52 95.61 59.10
E2 40.52 82.38 26.40 1.79 57.61 40.64 62.48 84.86 55.30
G12 E1 55.63 90.49 32.94 2.09 61.23 33.23 24.53 105.89 55.50
E2 42.72 83.80 19.37 1.30 55.44 30.99 21.29 85.55 52.03
G13 E1 67.79 92.31 20.02 1.17 42.82 33.62 25.64 96.84 58.27
E2 57.36 80.26 18.02 0.85 36.62 27.31 23.39 77.19 53.90
G14 E1 50.28 80.88 19.56 1.03 46.65 27.5 55.63 81.30 54.97
E2 50.60 77.52 15.27 0.69 43.22 24.12 54.87 66.52 48.17
G15 E1 59.97 88.51 22.72 1.28 54.12 38.19 24.99 80.04 53.20
E2 46.27 84.11 13.76 0.66 52.71 32.6 21.77 64.98 45.07
G16 E1 57.64 85.51 22.77 2.15 51.15 25.63 23.67 86.43 54.27
E2 44.92 80.60 18.73 1.17 46.82 19.35 20.21 73.69 51.03
G17 E1 55.14 88.52 25.25 1.55 55.59 27.16 57.62 91.94 50.20
E2 44.59 73.16 16.64 0.84 47.48 22.64 55.32 74.37 48.27
G18 E1 57.61 83.91 21.08 1.23 52.51 32.28 35.61 79.75 53.97
E2 52.34 71.63 13.60 0.72 48.65 21.55 33.86 64.78 45.53
Mean E1 57.84 87.07 25.77 1.72 54.57 35.18 39.44 89.89 54.55
E2 48.91 79.33 17.97 1.13 49.16 28.92 33.93 73.72 48.95
LSD(0.05) E1 6.32 3.90 3.68 0.36 4.22 4.45 9.54 6.83 3.19
E2 4.65 3.20 2.38 0.25 3.44 4.14 10.17 5.62 3.26

STF: stomata frequency (no. of stomata/mm2), RWC: relative water content (%), FLA: flag leaf area (cm2), FLW: flag leaf weight (g), FLD: flag leaf dry matter content (mg g-1), Chl.a: chlorophyll a content (mg/0.2 g FW), Chl.b: chlorophyll b content (mg/0.2 g FW), GYP: grain yield/plant (g),TKW: 1000-kerenl weight (g). G1: BeniSuef-1, G2: BeniSuef-5, G3: Svevo, G4: Ciccio, G5: Sohag-3, G6: WK-12-1, G7: Line-6, G8: Pavon-F76, G9: KBG-01, G10: Gemmeiza-7, G11: L.S-15, G12: L.S-16, G13: Sakha-8, G14: L.1 × 15, G15: CHAM-8,G16: SIDS-1, G17: Giza-168 and G18: Sonora-64.

Plant Breed. Biotech. 2021;9:89-103 https://doi.org/10.9787/PBB.2021.9.2.89
© 2021 Plant Breed. Biotech.